The inflammation of the liver is referred to as hepatitis. The condition can be self-limiting or develop into fibrosis (scarring), cirrhosis, or liver cancer. Hepatitis is caused by hepatitis viruses, but it can also be caused by infections, toxic substances (such as alcohol and some medicines), and autoimmune illnesses. Potentially, you could prevent or battle hepatitis with Proganic hepatitis medicine Malaysia. Nevertheless, it is better to know the types of hepatitis to battle it properly. No matter what kind of medicine you choose to take, you have to know what you’re treating before you treat it.
Hepatitis viruses are classified into five types: A, B, C, D, and E. Because of the load of illness and death they inflict, as well as the potential for outbreaks and epidemic spread, these five categories are the most concerning. Types B and C, in particular, cause chronic disease in hundreds of millions of people and are the leading cause of liver cirrhosis and cancer. So, here are the types of hepatitis:
Hepatitis A virus (HAV): This type of hepatitis is found in the faeces of infected people and is usually spread by drinking contaminated water or eating contaminated food. HAV can also be disseminated through certain sexual activities. In many cases, infections are minor, and most people recover completely and are immune to future HAV infections. HAV infections, on the other hand, can be serious and even fatal. This virus has infected the majority of individuals in places of the world with poor sanitation. HAV vaccinations are available and are both safe and effective.
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Hepatitis B virus (HBV): Type B is contracted by coming into contact with infective blood, sperm, or other bodily fluids. HBV can be passed down from infected moms to their infants at birth or from a family member to a newborn in early infancy. Transfusions of HBV-infected blood and blood products, contaminated injections during medical operations, and injectable medication use can all lead to transmission. Healthcare professionals that receive accidental needle stick injuries while caring for infected-HBV patients are likewise at risk from HBV. HBV can be prevented with the use of safe and effective vaccinations.
Hepatitis C virus (HCV): This kind is primarily spread by contact with infective blood. This can occur as a result of HCV-infected blood and blood products transfusions, contaminated injections during medical operations, and injectable medication use. Sexual transmission is also possible, but it is rare. HCV does not have a vaccination.
Hepatitis D virus (HDV): Only people who have been infected with HBV get HDV. HDV and HBV co-infection can lead to more serious illness and a poorer prognosis. HDV infection can be prevented with hepatitis B vaccinations.
Hepatitis E virus (HEV): Last but not least, this one is spread primarily through the ingestion of infected water or food. Hepatitis E virus (HEV) is a prominent source of hepatitis outbreaks in developing nations and is becoming more widely recognized as a major cause of disease in industrialized countries. HEV vaccinations that are both safe and efficacious have been produced, however, they are not generally available.